Types of Lighting
Cinema lighting can be confusing because of how many different types of products are out there in the same way that you use wide lenses and telephoto lenses for different types of shoots you also want to use different types of lighting fixtures for different uses so with that said let’s go through the six most common types of lighting fixtures and when you use those.
Number one single source lights seeing the source light share called single source because they come from one source there’s only one light on the fixture, Examples of single source lights include the aperture 1d or the mini 20 when un defused single source lights are hard and have clear crisp edges generally speaking you want to use single source lights when you want are strongly defined shadow partial light or a more directional light now you can diffuse a single source light for a softer effect and turn it into an area light which will also soften the shadows and light quality this is very common in corporate interviews and in portrait photography.
Number two multi-source lights multi-source lights have multiple light sources on them some multi-source panels like the LS one can have up to 1536 or something these types of lights, generally have stronger outputs than the single source counterpoise it’s not a direct correlation but generally speaking the more sources of light the light of a Bible beef now some filmmakers actually don’t prefer multi-source lights because of the multi shadow effect that comes with having too many sources of light now to counteract this effect most filmmakers and photographers will diffuse multi-source lights through a silk sheet or Frost to eliminate the shadows and make it appear as a single source bouncing a multi-source light is another effective way to do this still multi-source lights have many useful applications in filming from the photography as they are some of the most powerful lights in the industry.
Number three in volumes volume lights like China balls in space lights and soft with luminous letting to your overall see volume lights have a very soft wraparound your subject and can add lots overall filter set up now because volume lights are so omnidirectional they have a huge variety of uses many photographers and filmmakers will use space lights to light their green screens as they can provide extremely clean and beaten lighting to background you can also try using an array of volume lights over wipes like or for a portrait shoot where you want soft Beauty lighting the array of volume lights will mimic the effect of one super large soft source from above ensuring that your light is clean and without shadows.
Number four an area light is the opposite of singles and area lights are achieved either through bouncing or diffusing single or multi-source light and adding to a size an area light generally has a wider beam angle and can illuminate an entire room or environment soft boxes and silks and foam core bounce boards are all common ways you can turn your hard light into an area light area lights are soft and have shadows that are much less harsh than a single source light well it’s easy to make a hard spot light into an area light with a few tools it’s not that easy to make an area light into a hard light unless you move like really far away to have it simulate being a single source but then that makes your relative size much smaller and you would almost never do this.
Number 5 – Pipes tube lights are sort of similar the area lights they’re an array of LEDs or a single fluorescent that he usually house in a frosted plastic tube that provides very soft lighting many photographers and DPS will actually take two or three of these tubes and shape them into squares or triangles for Divac lighting now because tube lights are smaller they tend to have less output than their larger or single source counterparts but because they’re more mobile and usually hidden they have many practical uses in addition many tube lights nowadays our RGB making them extremely versatile as effect lights both on screen and off allowing you to make bars of Lights in club scenes or videos allowing for some really fun and stylized parties speaking of practical.
Number six is Practical lights practical lights are the lights that are visible in your scene and are part of your projects narrative practical lights can be as simple as an open face chunks involved lamps the screen of a TV set candles a Christmas tree a chandelier the list goes on while lighting your scene well is very important practical can add visual interest and adds the believability of your film many GPS choose to replace on set practical with film life such as using a tube light simulator fluorescent or having a large single source daylight balanced lights to simulate the moon whatever the case practical lights are the lights that are part of the screen and the narrative of their film and help add depth to your overall lighting zone so there you have it the six most common types of lights I’m nares from the eighteen leave a comment below with your favorite type of light to use on set the best answer would an aperture of nine which by the way is a multi-source LED light.
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